What is Chancroid?
Chancroid is a bacterial STD, rare in the developed world and is prevalent in low socioeconomic groups associated with sex work.
Most individuals in Ireland and the UK diagnosed with chancroid have visited countries where the disease occurs frequently i.e Subsaharan Africa. No cases of chancroid were reported in Ireland in 2011. It is characterised by one or more painful ulcers on the genitals and is caused by the bacterium Haemophilus ducreyi. It can be mistaken for syphilis.
What are the signs and symptoms of Chancroid?
About 14 days after exposure to the bacterium, small painless lumps appear on the penis or labia.
The base of the ulcer is covered with a grey material and bleeds easily with trauma. Chancroid is also associated with painful and swollen glands in the groin in the fold between the leg and the lower abdomen.
How is Chancroid treated?
Chancroid is treated with antibiotics.One the correct course of antibiotics has been started, improvements should be noticeable within 7 days. If a person is HIV positive, the antibiotics may take a little longer to respond.
How is Chancroid prevented?
Chancroid is prevented by consistent and correct male condom use.